Report Sightings

County Birds


AZFO Photos

Birding Arizona


About AZFO











Checklist of the Birds of Arizona.

This checklist contains 541 species of birds that have been accepted by the Arizona Bird Committee as of May 2009.

This list conforms to the A.O.U. checklist order and nomenclature as of the 50th supplement July 2009.

n = Has bred in Arizona (303 species). A species that has hatched young at least once

[ ] = Species in brackets have not been physically documented in Arizona (5 species)

* = Arizona bird committee review species (169 species).
# = Sketch details species (47 species)

italics = Species in italics are identifiable forms (63 subspecies)

(int) = Introduced (7 species)

(ex) = Extirpated (4 species) previously bred or presumed to have bred in AZ, but no longer occur naturally. they may have been re-introduced but remain un-established.

Species or subspecies marked with an asterisk or pound sign (*, #) should be documented with photographs and or written details. Reports of Arizona Bird Committee review species (*) may be submitted on-line to the Arizona Bird Committee (ABC) at the Arizona Field Ornithologists Website at :

Subspecies common names are derived from eBird Taxonomy, available online at:

Anatidae - Swans, Geese, Ducks

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, n
Fulvous Whistling-Duck *
Greater White-fronted Goose
Snow Goose
Ross's Goose
Brant *
Cackling Goose *

Minima (minima) form
Taverner's (taverneri) form
Richardson's (hutchinsii) form

Canada Goose, n

Giant (maxima) form
Large (moffitti) form, n
Lesser (parvipes) form

Trumpeter Swan *
Tundra Swan
Wood Duck, n
Gadwall, n
Eurasian Wigeon #
American Wigeon, n
Mallard, n

Northern (platyrhynchos) form, n
Mexican (diazi) form, n

Blue-winged Teal, n
Cinnamon Teal, n
Northern Shoveler, n
Northern Pintail, n
Garganey *
Green-winged Teal, n

Eurasian (crecca) form *
American (carolinensis) form, n

Canvasback, n
Redhead, n
Ring-necked Duck, n
Tufted Duck *
Greater Scaup #
Lesser Scaup
Harlequin Duck *
Surf Scoter #
White-winged Scoter #
Black Scoter *
Long-tailed Duck #
Common Goldeneye
Barrow's Goldeneye #
Hooded Merganser
Common Merganser, n
Red-breasted Merganser
Ruddy Duck, n

Odontophoridae - Quail

Scaled Quail, n
California Quail, n (int)
Gambel's Quail, n
Northern Bobwhite (Masked), n (ex)
Montezuma Quail, n

Phasianidae - Partridges, Grouse,
and Turkey

Chukar, n (int)
Ring-necked Pheasant, n (int)
Dusky Grouse, n
Wild Turkey, n

Gaviidae - Loons

Red-throated Loon *
Pacific Loon #
Common Loon
Yellow-billed Loon *

Podicipedidae - Grebes

Least Grebe *, n
Pied-billed Grebe, n
Horned Grebe #
Red-necked Grebe *
Eared Grebe, n
Western Grebe, n
Clark's Grebe, n

Diomedeidae - Albatrosses

Laysan Albatross *

Procellariidae - Shearwaters

Sooty Shearwater *

Hydrobatidae - Storm-Petrels

[Leach’s Storm-Petrel] *
Black Storm-Petrel *
Least Storm-Petrel *

Phaethontidae - Tropicbirds

White-tailed Tropicbird *
Red-billed Tropicbird *

Sulidae - Boobies

Blue-footed Booby *
Brown Booby *

Pelecanidae - Pelicans

American White Pelican
Brown Pelican

Phalacrocoracidae - Cormorants

Neotropic Cormorant, n
Double-crested Cormorant, n

Anhingidae - Anhinga

Anhinga *

Fregatidae - Frigatebirds

Magnificent Frigatebird *

Ardeidae - Bitterns, Herons,
and Egrets

American Bittern, n
Least Bittern, n
Great Blue Heron, n
Great Egret, n
Snowy Egret, n
Little Blue Heron #
Tricolored Heron #
Reddish Egret *
Cattle Egret, n
Green Heron, n
Black-crowned Night-Heron, n
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron *

Threskiornithidae - Ibises
and Spoonbills

White Ibis *
Glossy Ibis *
White-faced Ibis, n
Roseate Spoonbill*

Ciconiidae - Storks

Wood Stork *

Cathartidae - New World Vultures

Black Vulture, n
Turkey Vulture, n
California Condor, n (ex)

Accipitridae - Kites, Eagles,
and Hawks

Osprey, n
[Swallow-tailed Kite] *
White-tailed Kite, n
Mississippi Kite, n
Bald Eagle, n
Northern Harrier, n
Sharp-shinned Hawk, n
Cooper's Hawk, n
Northern Goshawk, n
Common Black-Hawk, n
Harris's Hawk, n
Red-shouldered Hawk *, n
Broad-winged Hawk *
Gray Hawk, n
Short-tailed Hawk *, n
Swainson's Hawk, n
White-tailed Hawk *
Zone-tailed Hawk, n
Red-tailed Hawk, n

Western (calurus) form, n
Harlan’s (harlani) form #
Krider's (kriderii) form
Fuertes's (fuertesi) form, n

Ferruginous Hawk, n
Rough-legged Hawk #
Golden Eagle, n

Falconidae - Caracaras and Falcons

Crested Caracara, n
American Kestrel, n

Taiga (columbarius) form
Prairie (richardsoni) form
Black (suckleyi) form

Aplomado Falcon *, n (ex)
Peregrine Falcon, n

Continental (anatum) form, n
Tundra (tundrius) form

Prairie Falcon, n

Rallidae - Rails, Gallinules, and Coots

Black Rail, n
Clapper Rail (Yuma), n
Virginia Rail, n
Sora, n
Purple Gallinule *
Common Moorhen, n
American Coot, n

Gruidae - Cranes

Sandhill Crane, n

Lesser (canadensis) form
Greater (tabida) form, n

Charadriidae - Plovers

Black-bellied Plover
American Golden-Plover *
Pacific Golden-Plover *
Snowy Plover, n
Semipalmated Plover
Killdeer, n
Mountain Plover, n

Recurvirostridae - Stilts and Avocets

Black-necked Stilt, n
American Avocet, n

Jacanidae - Jacanas

Northern Jacana *

Scolopacidae - Sandpipers,
Phalaropes, and Allies

Spotted Sandpiper, n
Solitary Sandpiper
Wandering Tattler *
Greater Yellowlegs
Lesser Yellowlegs
Upland Sandpiper *
Whimbrel #
Long-billed Curlew, n
Hudsonian Godwit *
Marbled Godwit
Ruddy Turnstone *
Black Turnstone *
Red Knot *
Semipalmated Sandpiper #
Western Sandpiper
Least Sandpiper
White-rumped Sandpiper *
Baird's Sandpiper
Pectoral Sandpiper
Sharp-tailed Sandpiper *
Stilt Sandpiper
Buff-breasted Sandpiper *
Ruff *
Short-billed Dowitcher #
Long-billed Dowitcher
Wilson’s Snipe, n
Wilson's Phalarope, n
Red-necked Phalarope
Red Phalarope #

Laridae - Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers

Black-legged Kittiwake *
Sabine's Gull #
Bonaparte's Gull
Laughing Gull *
Franklin's Gull
Heermann's Gull #
Mew Gull *
Ring-billed Gull
Western Gull *
Yellow-footed Gull *
California Gull
Herring Gull #
Thayer's Gull *
Lesser Black-backed Gull *
Glaucous-winged Gull *
Glaucous Gull *
Least Tern #, n
Gull-billed Tern *
Caspian Tern
Black Tern
Common Tern
Arctic Tern *
Forster's Tern
Royal Tern *
Elegant Tern *
Black Skimmer *

Stercorariidae - Jaegers

Pomarine Jaeger *
Parasitic Jaeger *
Long-tailed Jaeger *

Columbidae - Pigeons and Doves

Rock Pigeon, n (int)
Band-tailed Pigeon, n
Eurasian Collared-Dove, n (int)
White-winged Dove, n
Mourning Dove, n
Inca Dove, n
Common Ground-Dove, n
Ruddy Ground-Dove #, n

Psittacidae - Parrots

Thick-billed Parrot, n (ex) *

Cuculidae - Cuckoos, Roadrunners,
and Anis

Yellow-billed Cuckoo, n
Black-billed Cuckoo *
Greater Roadrunner, n
Groove-billed Ani *

Tytonidae - Barn Owls

Barn Owl, n

Strigidae - Typical Owls

Flammulated Owl, n
Western Screech-Owl, n
Whiskered Screech-Owl, n
Great Horned Owl, n
Northern Pygmy-Owl, n

Rocky Mts. (pinicola) form, n
Mountain (gnoma) form, n

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl #, n
Elf Owl, n
Burrowing Owl, n
Spotted Owl, n
Long-eared Owl, n
Short-eared Owl
Northern Saw-whet Owl, n

Caprimulgidae - Nighthawks
and Nightjars

Lesser Nighthawk, n
Common Nighthawk, n
Common Poorwill, n
Buff-collared Nightjar *, n
Whip-poor-will, n

Mexican (arizonae) form, n
Eastern (vociferus) form *

Apodidae - Swifts

[Black Swift] *
Chimney Swift *
Vaux's Swift
White-throated Swift, n

Trochilidae - Hummingbirds

Broad-billed Hummingbird, n
White-eared Hummingbird #, n
Berylline Hummingbird #, n
Cinnamon Hummingbird *
Violet-crowned Hummingbird, n
Blue-throated Hummingbird, n
Magnificent Hummingbird, n
Plain-capped Starthroat *
Lucifer Hummingbird #, n
Ruby-throated Hummingbird *
Black-chinned Hummingbird, n
Anna's Hummingbird, n
Costa's Hummingbird, n
Calliope Hummingbird
Bumblebee Hummingbird *
Broad-tailed Hummingbird, n
Rufous Hummingbird
Allen's Hummingbird #

Trogonidae - Trogons

Elegant Trogon, n
Eared Quetzal *, n

Alcedinidae - Kingfishers

Belted Kingfisher, n
Green Kingfisher, n

Picidae - Woodpeckers

Lewis's Woodpecker, n
Red-headed Woodpecker *
Acorn Woodpecker, n
Gila Woodpecker, n
Williamson's Sapsucker, n
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker #
Red-naped Sapsucker, n
Red-breasted Sapsucker *
Ladder-backed Woodpecker, n
Downy Woodpecker, n
Hairy Woodpecker, n
Arizona Woodpecker, n
American Three-toed Woodpecker, n
Northern Flicker, n

Yellow-shafted (auratus) form
Red-shafted (cafer) form, n

Gilded Flicker, n

Tyrannidae - Tyrant Flycatchers

Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet, n
Tufted Flycatcher *
Olive-sided Flycatcher, n
Greater Pewee, n
Western Wood-Pewee, n
Eastern Wood-Pewee *
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher *
Acadian Flycatcher *
Willow Flycatcher, n
Least Flycatcher *
Hammond's Flycatcher, n
Gray Flycatcher, n
Dusky Flycatcher, n
Pacific-slope Flycatcher
Cordilleran Flycatcher, n
Buff-breasted Flycatcher, n
Black Phoebe, n
Eastern Phoebe #
Say's Phoebe, n
Vermilion Flycatcher, n
Dusky-capped Flycatcher, n
Ash-throated Flycatcher, n
Nutting's Flycatcher *
Great Crested Flycatcher *
Brown-crested Flycatcher, n
Great Kiskadee *
Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher, n
Tropical Kingbird, n
Couch's Kingbird *
Cassin's Kingbird, n
Thick-billed Kingbird, n
Western Kingbird, n
Eastern Kingbird #
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher #

Incertae Sedis

Rose-throated Becard *, n

Laniidae - Shrikes

Loggerhead Shrike, n
Northern Shrike #

Vireonidae - Vireos

White-eyed Vireo *
Bell's Vireo, n
[Black-capped Vireo] *
Gray Vireo, n
Yellow-throated Vireo *
Plumbeous Vireo, n
Cassin’s Vireo
[Blue-headed Vireo] *
Hutton's Vireo, n
Warbling Vireo, n
Philadelphia Vireo *
Red-eyed Vireo *
Yellow-green Vireo *

Corvidae - Jays, Magpies, Crows,
and Ravens

Gray Jay, n
Steller's Jay, n
Blue Jay *
Western Scrub-Jay, n
Mexican Jay, n
Pinyon Jay, n
Clark's Nutcracker, n
Black-billed Magpie, n
American Crow, n
Chihuahuan Raven, n
Common Raven, n

Alaudidae - Larks

Horned Lark, n

Hirundinidae - Swallows

Purple Martin, n

Northern (arboricola) form, n
Desert (hesperia) form, n

Brown-chested Martin *
Tree Swallow, n
Violet-green Swallow, n
Northern Rough-winged Swallow, n
Bank Swallow
Cliff Swallow, n

Northern (pyrrhonota) group, n
Southwestern (swainsoni) form, n

Cave Swallow *, n
Barn Swallow, n

Paridae - Chickadees and Titmice

Black-capped Chickadee *
Mountain Chickadee, n
Mexican Chickadee, n
Bridled Titmouse, n
Juniper Titmouse, n

Remizidae - Verdins

Verdin, n

Aegithalidae - Bushtits

Bushtit, n

Sittidae - Nuthatches

Red-breasted Nuthatch, n
White-breasted Nuthatch, n
Pygmy Nuthatch, n

Certhiidae - Creepers

Brown Creeper, n

Troglodytidae - Wrens

Cactus Wren, n
Rock Wren, n
Canyon Wren, n
Sinaloa Wren *
Carolina Wren *
Bewick's Wren, n
House Wren, n

Northern (aedon) group, n
Brown-throated (brunneicollis) form, n

Winter Wren, n

Western (pacificus) form #, n
Eastern (hiemalis) form *

Marsh Wren, n

Cinclidae - Dippers

American Dipper, n

Regulidae - Kinglets

Golden-crowned Kinglet, n
Ruby-crowned Kinglet, n

Sylviidae - Gnatcatchers

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, n
Black-tailed Gnatcatcher, n
Black-capped Gnatcatcher *, n

Turdidae - Thrushes

Northern Wheatear *
Eastern Bluebird, n
Western Bluebird, n
Mountain Bluebird, n
Townsend's Solitaire, n
Veery *, n
Gray-cheeked Thrush *
Swainson's Thrush, n

Russet-backed (ustulatus) group
Olive-backed (swainsoni) group, n

Hermit Thrush, n
Wood Thrush *
Rufous-backed Robin #
American Robin, n
Varied Thrush #
Aztec Thrush *

Mimidae - Catbirds, Mockingbirds,
and Thrashers

Gray Catbird #, n
Northern Mockingbird, n
Sage Thrasher, n
Brown Thrasher #
Bendire's Thrasher, n
Curve-billed Thrasher, n
Crissal Thrasher, n
Le Conte's Thrasher, n
Blue Mockingbird *

Sturnidae - Starlings

European Starling, n (int)

Motacillidae - Wagtails and Pipits

White Wagtail *
Red-throated Pipit *
American Pipit, n
Sprague's Pipit

Bombycillidae - Waxwings

Bohemian Waxwing *
Cedar Waxwing

Ptilogonatidae - Silky-flycatchers

Phainopepla, n

Peucedramidae - Olive Warbler

Olive Warbler, n

Parulidae - Wood Warblers

Blue-winged Warbler *
Golden-winged Warbler *
Tennessee Warbler *
Orange-crowned Warbler, n

Celata (celata) form *
Orestera (orestera) form, n
Lutescens (lutescens) form

Nashville Warbler
Virginia's Warbler, n
Lucy's Warbler, n
Crescent-chested Warbler *, n
Northern Parula, n
Tropical Parula *
Yellow Warbler, n

Northern (aestiva) group, n
Mangrove (erithachorides) form *

Chestnut-sided Warbler #
Magnolia Warbler *
Cape May Warbler *
Black-throated Blue Warbler #
Yellow-rumped Warbler, n

Audubon's (auduboni) form, n
Myrtle (coronata) form

Black-throated Gray Warbler, n
Black-throated Green Warbler *
Townsend's Warbler
Hermit Warbler
Blackburnian Warbler *
Yellow-throated Warbler *
Grace's Warbler, n
Pine Warbler *
Prairie Warbler *
Palm Warbler *
Bay-breasted Warbler *
Blackpoll Warbler *
Cerulean Warbler *
Black-and-white Warbler, n
American Redstart, n
Prothonotary Warbler #
Worm-eating Warbler *
Swainson's Warbler *
Ovenbird #
Northern Waterthrush
Louisiana Waterthrush #
Kentucky Warbler *
Connecticut Warbler *
Mourning Warbler *
MacGillivray's Warbler, n
Common Yellowthroat, n
Hooded Warbler #
Wilson's Warbler

Mountain West (pileolata) form
Pacific Coast (chryseola) form

Canada Warbler *
Red-faced Warbler, n
Painted Redstart, n
Slate-throated Redstart *
Fan-tailed Warbler *
Rufous-capped Warbler *, n
Yellow-breasted Chat, n

Thraupidae - Tanagers

Hepatic Tanager, n
Summer Tanager, n
Scarlet Tanager *
Western Tanager, n
Flame-colored Tanager *, n

Emberizidae - Emberizine Finches

Green-tailed Towhee, n
Spotted Towhee, n

Pacific (oregonus) group
Rocky Mts. (montanus) group, n

Eastern Towhee *
Canyon Towhee, n
Abert's Towhee, n
Rufous-winged Sparrow, n
Cassin's Sparrow, n
Botteri's Sparrow, n
Rufous-crowned Sparrow, n
Five-striped Sparrow, n
American Tree Sparrow *
Chipping Sparrow, n
Clay-colored Sparrow
Brewer's Sparrow, n
Field Sparrow *
Black-chinned Sparrow, n
Vesper Sparrow, n
Lark Sparrow, n
Black-throated Sparrow, n
Sage Sparrow, n
Lark Bunting, n
Savannah Sparrow, n

Western (nevadensis) group, n
Large-billed (rostratus) form *

Grasshopper Sparrow, n

Western (perpallidus) form, n
Arizona (ammolegus) form, n

Baird's Sparrow
Le Conte's Sparrow *
Nelson's Sparrow *
Fox Sparrow

Red (iliaca) group *
Slate-colored (schistacea) group
Sooty (unalaschcensis) group *
Thick-billed (megarhyncha) group *

Song Sparrow, n
Lincoln's Sparrow, n
Swamp Sparrow
White-throated Sparrow
Harris's Sparrow #
White-crowned Sparrow, n

Gambel's (gambelii) form
Mountain (oriantha) form, n

Golden-crowned Sparrow #
Dark-eyed Junco, n

Pink-sided (mearnsi) form
White-winged (aikeni) form *
Slate-colored (hyemalis) form
Gray-headed (caniceps) form, n
Red-backed (dorsalis) form, n

Yellow-eyed Junco, n
McCown's Longspur #
Lapland Longspur *
Smith's Longspur *
Chestnut-collared Longspur
Snow Bunting *

Cardinalidae - Cardinals, Grosbeaks,
and Buntings

Northern Cardinal, n
Pyrrhuloxia, n
Yellow Grosbeak *
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Black-headed Grosbeak, n
Blue Grosbeak, n
Lazuli Bunting, n
Indigo Bunting, n
Varied Bunting, n
Painted Bunting #
Dickcissel #

Icteridae - Icterids

Bobolink *, n
Red-winged Blackbird, n
Eastern Meadowlark (Lilian's), n
Western Meadowlark, n
Yellow-headed Blackbird, n
Rusty Blackbird *
Brewer's Blackbird, n
Common Grackle *
Great-tailed Grackle, n
Bronzed Cowbird, n
Brown-headed Cowbird, n
Black-vented Oriole *
Orchard Oriole *
Hooded Oriole, n

Eastern (cucullatus Group), *
Western (nelsoni Group), n

Streak-backed Oriole *, n
Bullock’s Oriole, n
Baltimore Oriole *
Scott's Oriole, n

Fringillidae - Finches and Goldfinches

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch *
Black Rosy-Finch *
Pine Grosbeak, n
Purple Finch *
Cassin's Finch, n
House Finch, n
Red Crossbill, n
Pine Siskin, n
Lesser Goldfinch, n
Lawrence's Goldfinch, n
American Goldfinch, n
Evening Grosbeak, n

Passeridae - Old World Sparrows

House Sparrow, n (int)